Dentistry, also known as Dental and Oral Medicine, is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity.

Dentists are trained to diagnose, treat and prevent oral diseases; promote oral health. 


1. Dental Fillings:

It is a procedure to treat cavities and missing tooth that will remove the decayed portion and then "fill" the area where the decayed material was removed. 

2. Amalgam Fillings:

The fillings in case of amalgam treatment are made up of silver and mercury making the implants very strong and durable.

3. Composite Fillings:

It is made from a mixture of plastic and fine glass particles and matches the color of the tooth.

4. Porcelain / Ceramic Fillings:

Ceramic fillings are made of porcelain and are tooth-colored, so they look natural.

5. Gold Fillings:

A small amount of gold that a dentist puts in a hole in a tooth to prevent further decay.

6. Glass Ionomer:

It is made from acrylic and fluoroaluminosilicate, a component of glass.

7. Root Canal Treatment: 

It is a treatment sequence for the infected pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial attacks.

8. Wisdom Teeth Removal / Impaction: 

The treatment involves removal of wisdom teeth. It can also reduce inflammation of the gums associated with wisdom teeth development.

9. Braces & Aligners:

They are appliances which are used to align or straighten the teeth to guide the teeth for better & corrected position.

10. Metal Conventional Braces:

The treatment involves removal of wisdom teeth with the involvement of stainless steel for the better alignment.   

11. Metal Self Ligating Braces:

Self-ligating brackets are defined as "dental brace, which generally utilizes permanently installed, movable component to entrap the arch-wire".   

12. Ceramic Conventional Braces:

These braces are made of transparent ceramic. The wires can also be transparent to make the braces less noticeable.   

13. Lingual Braces:

They are heavy metal braces which are placed behind the teeth. It can be made even of silver or gold. The individual Bracket is customized using CAD-CAM / 3D designing.

14. Aligners:

It is medical grade plastic trays that do not require any braces or wire. They are totally invisible and also hide existing gaps.

15. Dental Implants:

It is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum line that allows dentist to mount replacement teeth or bridge into that area.

16. Endosteal Implants:

These are the most common type of implant and are surgically placed directly into the jaw-bone, they are also called root-form implants. These are typically shaped like small screws, cylinders or plates.

17. Sub-periosteal Implant:

These are made out of a metal framework. This metal frame is attached under your gum tissue but above your jawbone. Protruding from the metal frame of the .    

18. Dentures:

Dentures are custom-made replacements for missing teeth and can be taken out and put back into your mouth.

19. Porcelain Dentures:

Porcelain dentures are made up of porcelain look more natural and match easily with the remaining teeth.    

20. Acrylic Resin Dentures:

It is made of acrylic. It is light in weight and easy to adjust. It fits properly and makes the jaw movement smoother.

21. Crown:

It is a tooth-shaped cover placed over a tooth that is badly damaged or decayed. Also known as cap.    

22. Metal Crown:

Metal crowns generally make use of gold alloys or base metal alloys like that of chromium or nickel.

23. Zirconia Crown:

They are made up of zirconium oxide or zirconia. Zirconia is a white powdered metal which has the ability to be radiopaque in the X-rays.

24. Porcelain Fused Metal (PFM):

They can be referred to as full-cast crowns which has porcelain fused on most or all parts of the tooth. They are a hybrid between porcelain and metal crowns.

25. Porcelain Fused to Zirconia:

They are formed by porcelain being combined with zirconium oxide. The zirconia base has a white shade and is layered with porcelain to match final restoration.

26. Ceramic Crown:

It is a crown that is made entirely out of a ceramic material such as porcelain. Porcelain is a type of ceramic that contains a type of clay called kaolin.  

27. Traditional Bridges:

It involves creating a crown for the tooth or implant on either side of the missing tooth, with a pontic in between.

28. Cantilever Bridges:

It is used when there are adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing tooth or teeth.  

29. Maryland Bonded Bridges:

It is also k/a resin-bonded bridge. They are made of porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, or plastic teeth and gums supported by a metal or porcelain framework.

30. Teeth Whitening:

It is a process of removing stains from the tooth surface and restoring the natural color of the teeth.  

31. Smile Makeover:

It is a process of improving the appearance of a smile through various procedures which are cosmetic or surgical.

32. Veneers:

They are thin tooth colored custom made shells that are fixed on the labial surface of teeth to change their color, shape, and size. These improve the appearance of front teeth.

33. Composite Bonding:

Permanently attaching a tooth-colored material (composite) onto the tooth is called composite bonding.  

34. Flap Surgery:

In this, incision is made on the gums to remove the tartar. Sometimes the irregular surface of the bone is smoothened so that there are no areas for bacteria which cause this disease can hide. This method is used to remove the gap between gums and tooth.

35. Bone Graft:

This method is used to regenerate the bone. The dentist use fragments of synthetic bone donated bone or your own bone which is used to replace the bone destroyed due to gum disease.

36. Soft Tissue Graft:

This method is used if the gums are receded. Gums are taken from the roof of the mouth and is stitched to the area of gum recession.