Orthopedics is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, correction, prevention, and treatment of patients with skeletal deformities.

Orthopedic surgeons are devoted to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Some orthopedists are generalists, while others specialize in certain areas of the body, such as hip and knee.


1. Hip Surgery:

During surgery, a doctor will reshape your hip socket so it better covers the ball of your hip joint.

2. Knee Surgery:

During a knee osteotomy, either your tibia (upper shinbone) or femur (lower thighbone) are cut and reshaped.

3. Spine Surgery:

A wedge-shaped piece of bone from a section of your spine can be removed to correct a swayback or reduce a hunchback.

4. Jaw Surgery:

The bones in some people’s faces don’t line up with the bite of their teeth. A mandibular (lower jaw) osteotomy moves your lower jaw into a new position.

5. Chin Surgery:

Plastic surgeons use osteotomy to narrow a broad or square chin.

6. Laminectomy:

A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina, which is the roof of the spinal canal.

7. Spinal Fusion Surgery:

Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure used to correct problems with the small bones in the spine (vertebrae).

8. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction:

It is a surgical tissue graft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament, located in the knee, to restore its function after an injury.

9. Arthroplasty:

Arthroplasty is an orthopedic surgical procedure where the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, remodeled, or realigned by osteotomy or some other procedure.

10. Internal Fixation:

It involves the surgical implementation of implants for the purpose of repairing a bone.

11. Bone Grafting:

It is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone in order to repair bone fractures that are extremely complex.

12. Allograft Treatment:

It uses bone from a deceased donor or a cadaver that has been cleaned and stored in a tissue bank.

13. Tendon Transfer:

A tendon transfer is a surgical process in which the insertion of a tendon is moved, but the origin remains in the same location.

14. Arthrodesis (Joint Fusion Surgery):

It is also known as artificial ankylosis or syndesis, is the artificial induction of joint ossification between two bones by surgery. This is done to relieve intractable pain in a joint which cannot be managed by pain medication, splints.

15. Shoulder Replacement:

Shoulder replacement is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the glenohumeral joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Such joint replacement surgery generally is conducted to relieve arthritis pain or fix severe physical joint damage.

16. Reduction:

Reduction is a surgical procedure to repair a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment.

17. Synovectomy:

Synovectomy is a type of surgery done to remove inflamed synovial tissue that is the source of much pain and limited mobility.

18. Vertebral Augmentation:

Vertebral augmentation, which includes vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, are similar spinal procedures in which bone cement is injected through a small hole in the skin into a fractured vertebra to try to relieve back pain caused by a vertebral compression fractures.

19. Ankle Replacement:

Ankle replacement, or ankle arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the damaged articular surfaces of the human ankle joint with prosthetic components.

20. Foraminotomy:

Foraminotomy is a medical operation used to relieve pressure on nerves that are being compressed by the intervertebral foramina, the passages through the bones of the vertebrae of the spine that pass nerve bundles to the body from the spinal cord.

21. Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty:

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty is a surgical procedure used to relieve arthritis in one of the knee compartments in which the damaged parts of the knee are replaced.

22. Triple Arthrodesis:

It's a surgical procedure whose purpose is to relieve pain in the rear part of the foot, improve stability of the foot, and in some cases correct deformity of the foot, by fusing of the three main joints of the hind foot: the subtalar joint, calcaneocuboid joint and the talonavicular joint.

23. External Fixation:

It's a surgical treatment wherein rods are screwed into bone and exit the body to be attached to a stabilizing structure on the outside of the body.

24. Corpectomy:

A corpectomy or vertebrectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing all or part of the vertebral body (Latin: corpus vertebrae, hence the name corpectomy), usually as a way to decompress the spinal cord and nerves.

25. Auto Transplantation :

It's the transplantation of organs, tissues, or even particular proteins from one part of the body to another in the same person.

26. Ostectomy:

It's a procedure involving the removal of bone.

27. Distraction Ontogenesis:

It's a process used in orthopedic surgery, podiatric surgery, and oral and maxillofacial surgery to repair skeletal deformities and in reconstructive surgery.

28. Laminotomy:

It is an orthopedic neurosurgical procedure that removes part of the lamina of a vertebral arch in order to relieve pressure in the vertebral canal.

29. Brunelli Procedure:

It's a surgical procedure that can be used to correct instability in the wrist. Instability in the wrist can be caused by a torn Scapholunate ligament.

30. Epiphysiodesis:

It's a pediatric surgical procedure in which the epiphyseal plate of a bone is fused either temporarily or permanently to delay growth of a long bone .

31. Brostrom Procedure:

It's a repair of ligaments on lateral ankle. It is designed to address ankle instability. More importantly, it is primarily used to repair the anterior talofibular ligament in the ankle.

32. Bursectomy:

It's the removal of a bursa, which is a small sac filled with synovial fluid that cushions adjacent bone structures and reduces friction in joint movement.

33. Shoulder Surgery:

It's the treatment for injured shoulders. Many surgeries have been developed to repair the muscles, connective tissue, or damaged joints that can arise from traumatic or overuse injuries to the shoulder.

34. Ponseti Method:

The Ponseti method is a manipulative technique that corrects congenital clubfoot without invasive surgery.