Physiotherapy, also referred to as physical therapy, is an allied health profession that makes use of bio – mechanics or kinesiology, manual therapy, exercise therapy and electrotherapy, to help patients restore, maintain and increase their physical mobility, strength and function.

Physiotherapists help people affected by injury, illness or disability through movement and exercise, manual therapy, education and advice.


1. Physiotherapist Consultation:

A physical therapy consultation is an appointment between a physical therapist and a patient. Incorporating physical therapy into a medical treatment plan for pain or injury can help reduce the need for prescription drugs (which can cause side effects) and surgical intervention.

2. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS):

It is essentially a deeper form of TENS. It utilizes two high frequency currents which are slightly out of phase, and are passed through the skin at the same time where they are set up so that their paths cross and simply interfere with each other.
The device is connected by wires to sticky pad electrodes, which are placed on the skin in the area of the pain. This allows a small, low-intensity electric charge to be passed across the area.

3. Gait Analysis:

It is an orthopedic neurosurgical procedure that removes part of the lamina of a vertebral arch in order to relieve pressure in the vertebral canal.

4. Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS):

A small device delivers painless electrical pulses to the nerves through acupuncture needles.

5. RTMS (Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation):

It uses magnetic fields to send electrical impulses into the brain, blocking pain signals.

6. Laser Therapy:

Laser therapies are medical treatments that use focused light. Unlike most light sources, light from a laser (which stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) is tuned to specific wavelengths.

7. Low level laser therapy:

In physiotherapy LLLT is use for pain relief, accelerated tissue regeneration and reduction of inflammation.

8. High power laser therapy:

Physiotherapists use HPLT basically on the presumption that energized cells from the laser increase the rate of healing.

9. Paraffin Wax Therapy:

Wax therapy, which uses a bath of molten paraffin wax, is one of the most effective ways of applying heat to improve mobility by warming the connective tissues.

10. Direct Pouring:

The molten wax is directly poured on the part to be treated.

11. Toweling / Bandaging Method:

A Towel or roll of bandage is immersed in molten paraffin wax and wrapped around the body.

12. Brushing / Painting Method:

If the part can't be immersed in wax, it is possible to coat the surface with the help of a brush.

13. Dip and Wrap / Glove Method:

This procedure provides mild heating and is one of the most widely used method.

14. Diathermy:

Diathermy is a therapeutic treatment most commonly prescribed for muscle and joint conditions. It uses a high-frequency electric current to stimulate heat generation within body tissues. .

15. Shortwave Diathermy:

Shortwave diathermy uses high-frequency electromagnetic energy to generate heat. It may be applied in pulsed or continuous energy waves. It has been used to treat pain from kidney stones, and pelvic inflammatory disease.

16. Microwave Diathermy:

Microwave diathermy uses microwaves to generate heat in the body. It can be used to evenly warm deep tissues without heating the skin. Since it can’t penetrate deep muscles, its best suited for areas that are closer to the skin, such as the shoulders.

17. Long Wave Diathermy:

Diathermy is a therapeutic treatment most commonly prescribed for muscle and joint conditions. It uses a high-frequency electric current to stimulate the heat within our body tissues.

18. Ultrasound Diathermy:

Ultrasound diathermy uses sound waves to treat deep tissues. Heat is generated by the vibration of the tissue. This promotes blood flow into the area.

19. Manual Spinal Traction:

In manual spinal traction, a physical therapist uses their hands to put people in a state of traction. Then they use manual force on the joints and muscles to widen the spaces between vertebrae.

20. Mechanical Spinal Traction:

In mechanical spinal traction, you will lie on a table that has special tools to stretch the spine. A physical therapist will attach a series of ropes, slings, and pulleys to your body to mechanically relieve pressure. .

21. Fitting Of Orthosis:

An orthosis is an external device with controlling forces to improve body alignment, improve function, immobilize the injured area, prevent or improve a deformity, protect a joint or limb, limit or reduce pain, and provide proprioceptive feedback.

22. Moist Heat Packs:

A wet heat source used to soothe and relax sore muscles, joints and ligaments. This could include hot water bottles, steam towels, hot baths, or moist heating packs

23. Lumbago/Lower Back Pain Treatment:

This procedure helps to reduce the Lower Back Pain through various Exercises.

24. Skeletal Muscle Therapy:

This procedure includes treatment of skeletal muscles and bones through manual and automated means. These cell types operate via distinct modes of action, and they demonstrate varying levels of feasibility for muscle regeneration depending, to an extent, on the muscle injury model used.

25. Dry Needling Therapy:

This is a treatment technique whereby a sterile, single-use, fine filament needle (acupuncture needle) is inserted into the muscle to assist with decreasing pain and improving function through the release of myofascial trigger points (knots in the muscle).

26. Muscle Stimulation Therapy:

Help treat musculoskeletal injuries or ailments and Reduces muscle spasms, restores muscle tone and rehabilitate parts of the body

27. Sciatica Pain Treatment:

Physical therapy exercises incorporating a combination of strengthening, stretching, and aerobic conditioning are a central component of almost any sciatica treatment plan.